Pool chemicals play an important role in keeping the water clean and safe for use. When it comes to balancing everything in the water, you might be overwhelmed by all the components that are involved. We’re here to break it all down for you.
The basic concept to keep in mind is that you want your pool water to reach certain targets in pH, alkalinity, calcium hardness, cyanuric acid, and chlorine. Get a good test kit and figure out your starting values. Then you’ll have a better idea of the changes you need to make.
You can test the water first before filling your pool. Ideally, your pool has also gone through a complete cleaning and maintenance process before you begin filling it up. The more work you put in upfront, the less trouble you’ll have later on.
These are your target levels:
Alkalinity: 80-120 ppm
Calcium Hardness: 200-400 ppm
Chlorine: 1-3 ppm
This is the first thing you want to address. Starting with alkalinity prevents you from going backwards when you add chemicals later on. Increasing or decreasing the alkalinity levels involve using a pH reducer or an alkalinity increaser.
pH is a factor that will also affect other chemicals in your pool so it is important to manage it well. When these levels aren’t within range you can encounter problems with pool maintenance. For example, acidic levels can be corrosive and aren’t healthy to swim in.
If your pH is too high, you can use a pH reducer to help lower the value. On the other hand, if your pH is too low or too acidic, you can use a pH increaser to raise the pH level.
Calcium levels should be third on your list. While this isn’t usually an ongoing concern, it is still important to get a reading on it when you first open your pool as well during regular intervals during pool season.
To increase the calcium hardness, you can use an increaser, which usually contains calcium chloride, to raise the level. On the other hand, if your calcium hardness is too high, you can use muriatic acid to lower the level. This chemical is also capable of changing alkalinity so you’ll want to do a recheck before moving on.
Chlorine is one of the most important chemicals that will go into your pool, however overdoing it is not recommended. This chemical helps keep the water safe and clean but too much of it can cause skin damage.
Raising your pool’s initial chlorine levels will involve using a shock treatment that will clear up the water without affecting the other chemicals in the pool. Make sure to follow the instructions closely and test levels afterwards. As weeks go by, time and sunlight will deplete chlorine levels so make sure to check on it every so often.
To set up an appointment with Georgia Pool Cleaning, visit our website or call us today at (404) 895-9120. We’re the experts in pool maintenance and can make reopening stress free for you. We serve the metro Atlanta area within a 100-mile radius of Atlanta, Georgia.